Newspeak is a constructed language which was the official language of the superstate of Oceania. Newspeak was developed by several research groups constructed by the Party. The language was developed to deter thoughtcrime.

Newspeak is closely based on English but has a greatly reduced and simplified vocabulary and grammar (e.g., 'good' means 'to love Big Brother'; 'bad' is deleted from the language because 'ungood' means 'bad'; therefore there is now no literal concept to express the term, 'Big Brother is bad'). This suited the totalitarian regime of the Party, whose aim was to make any thoughtcrime or criminal speech impossible by removing any words or possible constructs which describe ideas contrary to those of Ingsoc.

Syme, a philologist working on the Eleventh Edition of the Newspeak Dictionary, once said; "It's a beautiful thing, the destruction of words." The Newspeak term for the English language is Oldspeak. Oldspeak was intended to have been completely eclipsed by Newspeak before 2050.

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